Dissecazione aortica dopo sostituzione valvolare aortica: caratteristiche cliniche e anatomiche.

Translated title of the contribution: Aortic dissection after aortic valve replacement: clinical and anatomic features

P. Presbitero, E. Aruta, F. Rabajoli, G. Agaccio, E. Donegani, F. Orzan, D. Malara, M. Di Summa, M. Morea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Cardiac surgery has become a possible cause of ascending aortic dissection, particularly in patients who have undergone aortic valve replacement. METHODS. From January 1979 to December 1989, 134 patients with angiographic evidence of aortic dissection, were studied in the Haemodinamic Laboratory of the University of Turin. Twelve of these patients (7 men and 5 women), mean age 51.6 years, had been previously operated for aortic valve replacement. We evaluated incidence, clinical and anatomic features of ascending aortic dissection in this group. RESULTS. A dilated ascending aorta with a mean diameter of 4.92 cm. was noted in all these patients. The interval between valve replacement and diagnosis of aortic dissection was 57 months (range 1 day to 9 years). Reoperation was performed in 11 patients. Four intraoperative deaths occurred and 2 other patients died in the early post-operative period. Survival rate at 12 months was 50%. Our incidence of ascending aortic dissection after aortic valve replacement was 0.66% (10 patients out of 1499 operated for aortic valve replacement) and it is in agreement with reports from other Authors in literature. CONCLUSIONS. Replacement of the ascending aorta must be considered if an important dilatation of aortic root is found at time of aortic valve surgery. New efforts must be undertaken to identify patients at high risk for this complication because an elevated mortality rate is observed in reoperation for aortic dissection.

Translated title of the contributionAortic dissection after aortic valve replacement: clinical and anatomic features
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)941-947
Number of pages7
JournalGiornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Volume22
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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