APC genotype is not a prognostic factor in familial adenomatous polyposis patients with colorectal cancer

Lucio Bertario, Antonio Russo, Paola Sala, Liliana Varesco, Rosella Crucianelli, Milo Frattini, Marco A. Pierotti, Paolo Radice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE: Several studies have shown that the clinical phenotype of patients with familial adenomatous polyposis is influenced by the position of the associated germline mutation in the APC gene. The aim of this work was to assess whether the site of the APC mutation may also predict the survival of familial adenomatous polyposis patients with a confirmed diagnosis of colorectal cancer. METHODS: A total of 387 familial adenomatous polyposis patients with colorectal cancer were examined. Of these, 287 (74 percent) belonged to families with an identified mutation, whereas 100 (26 percent) were from families in which no detectable APC mutation had been found by standard screening methods. The subjects were subdivided into four groups, according to the presence and localization of the identified mutation: with mutation before (a), at (b), or beyond codon 1309 (c), and without identified mutation (d). RESULTS: The cumulative five-year survival estimate of all cases included in the study was 0.56 (95 percent confidence interval, 0.51-0.61). No difference was observed in survival probability among patients from families with mutations before (0.56; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.49-0.63), at (0.58; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.43-0.72), or beyond (0.52; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.31-0.73) codon 1309 or those from families that were mutation negative (0.58; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.48-0.68) (log-rank test, P = 0.9). Survival analysis did not reveal any significant advantage for patients carrying a mutation in a specific region of the APC gene, after adjustment for age, gender, site, and stage. CONCLUSION: These data do not support the hypothesis that APC mutation may influence the outcome of familial adenomatous polyposis cases affected by colorectal cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1662-1669
Number of pages8
JournalDiseases of the Colon and Rectum
Volume47
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2004

Keywords

  • APC
  • Familial adenomatous polyposis
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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