apoE4 allele and the natural history of cardiovascular risk factors

Angelo Scuteri, Samer S. Najjar, Denis Muller, Reubin Andres, Christopher H. Morrell, Alan B. Zonderman, Edward G. Lakatta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The aims of the present study were to compare the longitudinal changes in traditional cardiovascular (CV) risk factors (blood pressure, BMI, total and HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, and blood glucose) in men with and without the apolipoprotein (apo)E4 allele. Three hundred six men from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging, ranging in age from 20 to 92 yr, were studied. Repeated measurements of CV risk factors were performed over a median follow-up time of 7 yr (maximum 14.3 yr) for men. Longitudinal changes in these CV risk factors were analyzed by linear mixed-effects models. The prevalence of the apoE4 allele was 25.5%. apoE4 was independently associated with accelerated changes over time in fasting plasma glucose (+9.5% vs. no change in those without apoE4 in the 6th age-decade over 10 yr). No significant effect of apoE4 on longitudinal changes in total or HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, or blood pressures was observed. In conclusion, apoE4 influences fasting plasma glucose and its changes over time. This could explain, in part, the increased CV risk associated with the apoE4 genotype observed in men.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number2 52-2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2005


  • Apolipoprotein E4
  • Genetics of vascular disorders
  • Glucose
  • Longitudinal studies
  • Population studies
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Biochemistry


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