Familial hypoalphalipoproteinemia (hypoalpha), characterized by a decreased high density lipoprotein level, is associated with an increased incidence of premature cardiovascular disease. Restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of genomic DNA has detected a polymorphism for the PstI restriction endonuclease near the apoA-I gene, with either a 2.2 or a 3.3 kb fragment. The latter has been previously found to occur with significantly higher frequency in probands of families with familial hypoalpha. ApoA-I was isolated from three unrelated subjects with familial hypoalpha and the 3.3 kb PstI polymorphism of the apoA-I gene, and from normal control subjects. The apoA-I from the hypoalpha subjects was structurally normal as determined by amino acid analysis and by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. When normal apoA-I and hypoalpha apoA-I were simultaneously injected into either normal controls or hypoalpha subjects, both forms of apoA-I were catabolized at the same rate in the same subject, indicating that the hypoalpha apoA-I is also metabolically normal. Analysis of the kinetics of metabolism of apoA-I in the hypoalpha subjects, compared to the normal controls, revealed that the reduced plasma levels of apoA-I were due to an increased apoA-I fractional catabolic rate, and that the synthetic rate was normal. Based on these results, we conclude that the apoA-I gene in these hypoalpha subjects is normal, and the PstI polymorphism near the apoA-I gene, which is associated with familial hypoalpha, is likely to be a marker for a mutant gene closely linked to, but not in, the apoA-I gene.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Lipid Research|
|Publication status||Published - 1990|
- high density lipoproteins
- residence time
ASJC Scopus subject areas