Detection of systemic tumor dissemination in colon carcinoma patients might be important for selection of appropriate treatment modalities. It has been previously shown that Apolipoprotein A-I (Apo A-I) is expressed in human intestinal epithelial cells, and in some human colon carcinoma cell lines. We examined the expression of Apo A-I mRNA in 14 human primary colon carcinomas by Northern blot and/or reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT- PCR) analysis. An Apo A-I specific transcript was found in up to 70% of the colon carcinomas. We developed an RT-PCR assay for Apo A-I transcripts, to identify circulating carcinoma cells in the peripheral blood of colon cancer patients. The Apo A-I RT-PCR assay was optimized using limiting dilution of an Apo A-I positive cancer cell line mixed with peripheral blood from healthy donor. In this system, up to 10 colon carcinoma cells were detected in 5 ml of peripheral blood. We examined Apo A-I mRNA expression in peripheral blood samples from 4 healthy donors, 20 colon carcinoma patients, and 11 individuals with tumor disease other than colon cancer. No Apo A-I mRNA was detected in the healthy donors and in the patients without colon cancer. Two out of 10 patients with metastatic colon carcinoma were positive by this assay, whereas Apo A-I mRNA was not found in any of the blood samples from the 10 radically resected colon carcinoma patients. These data suggest that Apo A-I RT-PCR assay is a highly specific and sensitive assay, although a low number of advanced colon carcinoma patients was found to be positive.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||International Journal of Oncology|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1998|
- Colon carcinoma
- Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research