The binding of soluble HLA class I (sHLA-I) molecules to CD8 on EBV-specific CTL induced up-regulation of Fas ligand (FasL) mRNA and consequent sFasL protein secretion. This, in turn, triggered CTL apoptosis by FasL/Fas interaction. Molecular analysis of the biochemical pathways responsible for FasL up-regulation showed that sHLA-I/CD8 interaction firstly induced the recruitment of src-like p56lck and syk-like Zap-70 protein tyrosine kinases (PTK). Interestingly, p59fyn was activated upon the engagement of CD3/TCR complex but not upon the interaction of sHLA-I with CD8. In addition, sHLA-I/CD8 interaction, which is different from signaling through the CD3/TCR complex, did not induce nuclear translocation of AP-1 protein complex. These findings suggest that CD8- and CD3/TCR-mediated activating stimuli can recruit different PTK and transcription factors. Indeed, the engagement of CD8 by sHLA-I led to the activation of Ca2+ calmodulin kinase II pathway, which eventually was responsible for the NF-AT nuclear translocation. In addition, we found that the ligation of sHLA-I to CD8 recruited protein kinase C, leading to NF-κB activation. Both NF-AT and NF-κB were responsible for the induction of FasL mRNA and consequent CTL apoptosis. Moreover, FasL up-regulation and CTL apoptotic death were down-regulated by pharmacological specific inhibitors of Ca2+/ calmodulin/calcineurin and Ca2+-independent protein kinase C signaling pathways. These findings clarify the intracellular signaling pathways triggering FasL up-regulation and apoptosis in CTL upon sHLA-I/CD8 ligation and suggest that sHLA-I molecules can be proposed as therapeutic tools to modulate immune responses.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 2005|
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