Previously, we demonstrated that B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) cells could be divided into 2 groups depending on the expression of CD38 by the malignant cells. The 2 groups differed in their signal-transducing capacities initiated by cross-linking of surface IgM; only in CD38-positive cells was an efficient signal delivered, invariably resulting in cell apoptosis. In this study, we investigated the effect of surface IgD cross- linking in 10 patients with CD38-positive B-CLL. Exposure of the malignant cells to goat antihuman δ-chain antibodies (Gaδ-ab) caused [Ca++](i) mobilization and tyrosine kinase phosphorylation in a manner not different from that observed after goat antihuman μ-chain antibody (Gaμ-ab) treatment in vitro. However, Gaδ-ab-treated cells failed to undergo apoptosis and instead displayed prolonged survival in culture and differentiated into plasma cells when rlL2 was concomitantly present. Cross-linking of surface IgD failed to induce proliferation of the malignant cells in vitro. Moreover, treatment with Gaδ-ab did not prevent apoptosis of B-CLL cells induced by Gaμ-ab. Collectively, these experiments demonstrated that IgM and IgD expressed by the same cell may deliver opposite signals under particular circumstances and provide some clues for the understanding of the pathophysiology of B-CLL. (C) 2000 by The American Society of Hematology.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 15 2000|
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