Apparent diffusion coefficient in the evaluation of side-specific extracapsular extension in prostate cancer: Development and external validation of a nomogram of clinical use

Francesco Giganti, Andrea Coppola, Alessandro Ambrosi, Silvia Ravelli, Antonio Esposito, Massimo Freschi, Alberto Briganti, Vincenzo Scattoni, Andrea Salonia, Andrea Gallina, Federico Dehò, Gianpiero Cardone, Giuseppe Balconi, Franco Gaboardi, Francesco Montorsi, Alessandro Del Maschio, Francesco De Cobelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study is to develop a nomogram of clinical utility based on apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) from diffusion-weighted imaging to predict extracapsular extension (ECE), and to validate externally its clinical utility. Materials and methods: A total of 101 men (70 for the creation and 31 for external validation of the nomogram) underwent 1.5T multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging followed by radical prostatectomy at 2 different institutions. ADC values were assessed for normal and pathological tissue. Clinical and pathological variables were investigated by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses on 70 patients and logistic regression coefficients were used to develop our nomogram. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to determine the optimal ADC cut off for ECE. The nomogram was then externally validated on 31 patients at another institution. Results: At univariate analysis, the following variables were associated with ECE: pathological ADC and Gleason at biopsy (P

Original languageEnglish
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Dec 2 2015

Keywords

  • Diffusion-weighted MRI
  • Nomograms
  • Prostatic neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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