Objectives: To assess changes in apparent diffusion coefficient (ΔADC) and volume (ΔV) after neoadjuvant treatment (NT), and tumour regression grade (TRG) in gastro-oesophageal cancers (GEC), and to discriminate responders from non-responders. Methods: Thirty-two patients with biopsy-proven locally-advanced GEC underwent diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) pre- and post-NT. Lesion ADC, volume, ΔADC and ΔV were calculated. TRG 1-2-3 patients were classified as R; TRG 4-5 as non-responders. ΔADC-TRG and ΔV-TRG correlations, pre-NT and post-NT ADC, ΔADC and ΔV cut-off values for responders and non-responders were calculated. Two readers measured mean tumour ADCs and interobserver variability was calculated. (Spearman's and intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC]). Results: The interobserver reproducibility was very good both for pre-NT (Spearman's rho = 0.8160; ICC = 0.8993) and post-NT (Spearman's rho = 0.8357; ICC = 0.8663). Responders showed lower pre-NT ADC (1.32 versus 1.63 × 10-3 mm2/s; P = 0.002) and higher post-NT ADC (2.22 versus 1.51 × 10-3 mm2/s; P = 0.001) than non-responders and ADC increased in responders (ΔADC, 85.45 versus -8.21 %; P = 0.00005). ΔADC inversely correlated with TRG (r = -0.71, P = 0.000004); no difference in ΔV between responders and non-responders (-50.92 % versus -14.12 %; P = 0.068) and no correlation ΔV-TRG (r = 0.02 P = 0.883) were observed. Conclusions: The ADC can be used to assess gastro-oesophageal tumour response to neoadjuvant treatment as a reliable expression of tumour regression. Key Points: • DWI is now being used to assess many cancers. • Change in ADC measurements offer new information about oesophageal tumours. • ADC changes are more reliable than dimensional criteria in assessing neoadjuvant treatment. • Such ADC assessment could optimise management of locally advanced gastro-oesophageal cancers.
- Apparent diffusion coefficient
- Diffusion magnetic resonance imaging
- Gastroesophageal cancer
- Response to neoadjuvant therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging