Application of the general perceived self-efficacy scale in cardiovascular rehabilitation

Anna Maria Zotti, Gianluigi Balestroni, Paola Cerutti, Silvia Rossi Ferrario, Elisabetta Angelino, Massimo Miglioretti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Psychosocial support, education and self-management are important complements of rehabilitation programs. A central concept in self-management is self-efficacy, which refers to oneself confidence in reaching a desired goal. The General Perceived Self-Efficacy scale (GSE), developed to measure self-efficacy at the broadest level, could be useful in the rehabilitation setting, in order to assess patients' self-management difficulties as well as to design specific interventions for specific diseases. Aim of this work is to verify the GSE Italian version psychometric properties applied to the rehabilitation setting. Data were analyzed from 395 in-patients attending cardiac (83.8%) and neurological (16.2%) rehabilitation. Cardiac patients suffered from post-MI, CABG or heart-failure; all of the neurological patients suffered from amiotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). They were mostly males (84.5%), and the mean age was 55.7 years. Principal component factor analysis confirmed that GSE has a monofactorial structure with internal consistency of .85. As in previous studies, a gender difference emerged. There was no difference in cardiac patients, on the basis of their specific disease, but they showed higher self-efficacy perception compared to ALS patients. The findings confirm that GSE is a valid measure of self-efficacy in settings characterised by different levels of functional abilities, as in cardiac and neurological rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)178-183
Number of pages6
JournalMonaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Cardiac Series
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2007


  • Amiotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Scale validation
  • Self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Application of the general perceived self-efficacy scale in cardiovascular rehabilitation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this