Approach of primary care physicians to hepatitis C: An educational survey from a Southern Italian area

Raffaele Cozzolongo, Renato Cuppone, Josè Petruzzi, Tommaso Stroffolini, Onofrio G. Manghisi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: To assess knowledge, attitudes and practices towards hepatitis C of primary care physicians (PCPs) working in a Southern Italian area. Methods: A questionnaire exploring the basic knowledge on risk factors and the management of hepatitis C virus infection was administered in two occasions to a sample of PCPs before and 2 months later the presentation of the EASL guidelines on the management of HCV infection. Results: At the first survey, drug addiction, transfusion in 1982 and sexual contact with multiple partners were listed as the most common risk factors for acquiring HCV infection. As many as 27% of PCPs believed that blood transfusion after 1994 was still an important risk factor for this infection. Only 38% of PCPs would refer HCV positive subject with abnormal ALT levels to a gastroenterologist. Some points showed a definite improvement when first and second survey were compared: the more frequent use of qualitative instead of quantitative HCV-RNA testing for diagnostic purpose and the selection of IFN plus ribavirin as the regimen of choice for active disease. Conclusions: The general practice management of hepatitis C may be improved using educational activities involving directly and interactively PCPs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)396-400
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Infection
Volume51
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005

Keywords

  • Hepatitis C
  • Medical education
  • Survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Microbiology
  • Parasitology
  • Virology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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