Appropriateness and efficacy of Spa therapy for musculoskeletal disorders. A Delphi method consensus initiative among experts in Italy

Marco Paoloni, Andrea Bernetti, Ovidio Brignoli, Daniela Coclite, Antonio Fraioli, Stefano Masiero, Antonello Napoletano, Nicola Quirino, Franco Rengo, Carlo Ruosi, Ugo Viora, Marco Vitale, Valter Santilli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective. The aim of the study was to identify the main aspects concerning appropriateness and efficacy of Spa therapy for musculoskeletal pathologies. Methods. A committee of 8 experts from Italian universities, public hospitals, territorial services, research institutes and patient associations was set up. Clinicians from Italian medical centers specialized in rheumatology, rehabilitation and thermal medicine took part in a Delphi process aimed at obtaining consensus statements among the participants. Results. Large consensus was obtained for statements grouped under the following main themes: Treatment indications; choice of treatment modality and treatment efficacy. Conclusions. The experts developed a number of consensus statements which may be used as a practical reference to guide the choice of physicians to treat musculoskeletal diseases with Spa therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-76
Number of pages7
JournalAnnali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita
Volume53
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Balneotherapy
  • Consensus development
  • Delphi studies
  • Muds
  • Musculoskeletal disease
  • Peloids
  • Spa therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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