Appropriateness of surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis in the Latium Region of Italy, 2008: A multicenter study

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Background: There is still wide variability in surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis (SAP) practice by different surgical teams and specialties, with potential impact on adverse events and the emergence of antibiotic resistance. Methods: We assessed SAP appropriateness in a regional prospective multicenter study on the basis of the agreement of the Surgical Care Improvement Project indicators (SCIP-Inf) with Italian guidelines (GL). Results: Prophylaxis was administered in 2,664 of 2,835 procedures (94%): In 2,346 of 2,468 (95%) as indicated and in 318 of 367 (86.6%) in which they were not indicated. The SCIP-Inf1 (timing), SCIP-Inf2 (antibiotic choice), and SCIP-Inf3 (duration) were in agreement with GL in 1,172 (50%), 1,983 (84.5%), and 1,121 (48%) of 2,346 procedures, respectively. Conclusions: These results suggest the need for implementation of an antimicrobial stewardship program in this surgical setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-384
Number of pages4
JournalSurgical Infections
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2013


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Microbiology (medical)

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