Are anti-inflammatory foods associated with a protective effect for cutaneous melanoma?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this systematic narrative review is to answer the following research question: are anti-inflammatory foods or food components associated with a protective effect for melanoma development? Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses reporting guideline, a systematic review was conducted. All cohort studies (n = 18) so far on diet and cutaneous melanoma were reviewed. Out of the 18 cohort studies, seven investigated the role of coffee on melanoma and six studies found a protective effect. Food components considered as anti-inflammatory, such as vitamin D, vitamin A, folic acid, niacin, vitamin C, omega-3 fatty acids, and carotenoids (β-carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin, and lycopene), were not associated with a protective effect for melanoma. Other anti-inflammatory food items, such as tea, fruits, and vegetables, except for citrus fruits that were borderline associated with an increased risk, were not associated with cutaneous melanoma. In conclusion, the only anti-inflammatory food item that was consistently associated with a protective effect for cutaneous was coffee in particular caffeinated coffee.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)466-469
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer Prevention
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2020

Keywords

  • anti-inflammatory foods
  • cohort
  • diet
  • incidence
  • melanoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Cancer Research

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