Objective: To evaluate the outcomes of thulium laser enucleation of the prostate (ThuLEP) in men aged ≥75 years compared to youngers. Traditional surgery has increased and significant morbidity in older men. Lasers have been introduced as an alternative approach to overcome the morbidity of traditional surgery. Material: We retrospectively evaluated 412 men who underwent en bloc ThuLEP. Inclusion criteria were lower urinary tract symptoms refractory to medical therapy, maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax) ≤15 mL/s, International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) ≥8 and absolute indications for surgery. Prostate volume, prostate specific antigen, IPSS, and Qmax, antiplatelet/anticoagulant therapy, ASA score, operation time, length of catheterization, discharge day, early complications, and reoperations were gathered. Differences between groups were estimated using propensity scores, by fitting a stepwise logistic regression model with age group as the dependent variable. Results: One hundred twenty-nine patients were aged ≥75 years (Group 2). Mean age was 65.6 ± 6.0 years in Group 1 and 79 ± 3.7 years in Group 2. Propensity scores retrieved 206 patients. Median operation, catheterization time, and hospital stay were similar in both groups (55 minutes, 2 and 3 days). Overall, 85.9% of men had no complications, with no differences between the groups (82.5% in Group 1 and 89.3% in Group 2). The incidence of Clavien grade III-IV complications was comparable (3.8% in Group 1, 1% in Group 2). By 1 year, there were no statistically significant differences in IPSS, Qmax, QoL, or reoperation rate between the groups. Conclusion: En bloc ThuLEP is a safe and effective treatment even in men aged ≥75 years old.
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