Are the Male Body Dissatisfaction and Drive for Muscularity Scales reliable and valid instruments?

Antonios Dakanalis, Alix Timko, Fabio Madeddu, Chiara Volpato, Massimo Clerici, Giuseppe Riva, Assunta M. Zanetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Drive for Muscularity Scale and Male Body Dissatisfaction Scale were developed for use with men and correspond to measures of drive for thinness and body dissatisfaction in women. The psychometric properties of these measures were evaluated in a sample of 655 Italian men, who completed other 11 measures also. Both scales demonstrated excellent internal consistency and temporal stability as well as criterion-related and concurrent validity. Both measures distinguished between men with high and low levels of disordered eating. Confirmatory factor analysis replicated the unidimensional factor structure of both scales. Directions for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-59
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 8 2015

Keywords

  • eating behavior
  • exercise and supplement consumption
  • male body image
  • men's health
  • validation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Medicine(all)

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