Area-under-the-curve for peginterferon alpha-2a and peginterferon alpha-2b is not related to body weight in treatment-naive patients with chronic hepatitis C

Raffaele Bruno, Paolo Sacchi, Laura Maiocchi, Cristina Zocchetti, Valentina Ciappina, Savino Patruno, Gaetano Filice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

One reason for dosing a drug by body weight is to reduce interpatient variability in clinical response. This study evaluated the relationship between body weight and drug exposure for peginterferon alpha-2a and peginterferon alpha-2b used in combination with ribavirin for treating patients with chronic hepatitis C. These two products are dosed differently: peginterferon alpha-2a is flat-dosed at 180 μg regardless of body weight, whereas peginterferon alpha-2b is dosed by body weight at 0.5-1.5 μg/kg. Body-weight dosing of peginterferon alpha-2b is purported to overcome the adverse effect of increased body weight on sustained virological response. To test this hypothesis, we measured the area-under-the-curve (AUC) for both drugs as part of a previously reported pharmacokinetics study. In total, 22 interferon-naive patients with chronic hepatitis C were treated for 12 weeks. Patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive once-weekly peginterferon alpha-2a 180 μg (n=10) or peginterferon alpha-2b 1.0 μg/kg (n=12). Ribavirin was dosed by body weight at 1000 mg/day (≤75 kg) or 1200 mg/day (>75 kg). We found no correlation between body weight and AUC for either peginterferon alpha-2a or peginterferon alpha-2b. Considerable interpatient variability in AUC occurred for peginterferon alpha-2a [coefficient of variation (CV): 37.5%] and, despite dosing by body weight, for peginterferon alpha-2b (CV: 36.8%). Thus, there appears to be no rationale for a body-weight dosing regimen for peginterferon alpha-2a, and such dosing does not achieve more consistent AUC measurements in patients receiving peginterferon alpha-2b.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-205
Number of pages5
JournalAntiviral Therapy
Volume10
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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