Marfan syndrome (MFS), an autosomal dominant disorder of connective tissue, is due to defective fibrillin-1. Defects involve the cardiovascular system, the eye, the lungs, and the skeleton. The aim of the current study was to characterize the bone mineral status in children and adolescents with MFS. We performed an observational cross-sectional study and a longitudinal follow-up of two years.We enrolled 73 young patients with MFS (3-17. years). A subset of 44 patients participated in the longitudinal study. Healthy children were studied as controls for biochemical analyses. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured at lumbar spine, femoral neck and total femur by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. BMD values were expressed as Z-scores adjusted for height using height-for-age Z-scores. BMD measurements corrected for height were significantly lower than reference at all skeletal sites (P <0.0001). Patient on cardiac treatment with losartan had lower BMD measurements corrected for height compared to non-treated patients. Total femur BMD decreased significantly over time (P=0.027). BMD at the other two skeletal sites did not change significantly during follow-up, but remained significantly low compared to reference (P <0.0001). In conclusion, young patients with MFS have markedly low BMD at the lumbar spine and femur, and values show a tendency to decrease over time in the peripheral skeleton. Because increased life expectancy of MFS patients, the reduced BMD during childhood may lead to a low peak bone mass, increasing the fracture risk during adult life.
- Bone mineral density
- Marfan syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism