Array-based CGH of primary cutaneous CD8+ aggressive EPIDERMO-tropic cytotoxic T-cell lymphoma

Daniele Fanoni, Laura Corti, Silvia Alberti-Violetti, Cornelis P. Tensen, Luigia Venegoni, Maarten Vermeer, Rein Willemze, Emilio Berti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Primary cutaneous CD8+ aggressive epidermotropic cytotoxic T-cell lymphoma (pcAECyTCL) is a rare provisionally categorized cutaneous lymphoma characterized by an aggressive course. Its pathogenesis and molecular mechanisms are still unknown, and only two individual cases have so far been molecularly characterized. The aim of this study was to define the pattern of numerical chromosomal alterations in tumor samples taken from 20 patients with pcAECyTCL at the time of diagnosis by means of array-comparative genomic hybridization (a-CGH). a-CGH detected numerous genomic aberrations in all the patients and, putting these together as a whole, they affected all the chromosomes. However, no specific profile of recurrent copy number alterations (CNAs) was found. Most of the gains involved regions previously described in other aggressive cutaneous lymphomas such as 7q, 8q24.3, and 17q, whereas the most significant CNA was the loss of 9p21.3 (CDKN2A–CDKN2B), which has already been found in a variety of malignant tumors and is associated with aggressive cutaneous T-cell lymphomas. In brief, CGH analysis revealed a large number of CNAs with only few recurring regions that probably do not represent driving events. The genomic instability found in this aggressive variant of cutaneous lymphoma may therefore be a secondary event but, at the time of the diagnosis of pcAECyTCL, the genomic integrity of tumor cells is already compromised.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)622-629
JournalGenes Chromosomes and Cancer
Volume57
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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Keywords

  • CGH
  • cutaneous lymphoma
  • leukemia
  • molecular genetics
  • NGS
  • T-cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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