Arterial hypertension and atrial fibrillation: Standard and advanced echocardiography from diagnosis to prognostication

Matteo Cameli, Giulia E. Mandoli, Giuseppe Ambrosio, Elisabetta Cerbai, Stefano Coiro, Michele Emdin, Rossella Marcucci, Doralisa Morrone, Alberto Palazzuoli, Ketty Savino, Luigi Padeletti, Sergio Mondillo, Roberto Pedrinelli

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Structural changes in left and right cardiac chambers that occur in arterial hypertension (AH) may lead to an increased risk of atrial fibrillation. Considering that AH is currently the most common cardiovascular disease in the general population, it represents a major risk factor for atrial fibrillation development. This review explores the complex relationship between atrial fibrillation and AH, starting from its pathophysiological basis. It focuses on the role of echocardiography in the management of hypertensive and atrial fibrillation patients, with emphasis on what should be evaluated about left ventricular remodeling, diastolic and systolic function, left atrial (LA) size and function and right ventricular deformation in patients with AH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-61
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2018

Keywords

  • arterial hypertension
  • atrial fibrillation
  • diagnosis
  • echocardiography
  • prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Cameli, M., Mandoli, G. E., Ambrosio, G., Cerbai, E., Coiro, S., Emdin, M., Marcucci, R., Morrone, D., Palazzuoli, A., Savino, K., Padeletti, L., Mondillo, S., & Pedrinelli, R. (2018). Arterial hypertension and atrial fibrillation: Standard and advanced echocardiography from diagnosis to prognostication. Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine, 19(2), 51-61. https://doi.org/10.2459/JCM.0000000000000607