Arterial input function measurements using radiotracer and microbubbles: Preliminary results

Antonello E. Spinelli, Robert J. Ott, Gail R. Ter Haar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The main objective is to investigate the possible use the Doppler signal from microbubbles (Levovist) to measure the arterial input function in dynamic positron emission tomography. We measure the dynamics in a fluid (water or plasma equivalent) of radioactive tracers and microbubbles contrast agents (MB) experimentally. The experimental system allows us to simulate the dispersion of these tracers in large arteries, and, using an appropriate phantom, the dispersion in the heart and lungs. Time-activity curves for Tc-99m were obtained using NaI(Tl) probe connected to a multiscaler system. A Doppler probe was used to measure scattering from the microbubble. The data were processed using MATLAB. The measurement with the radioactive tracer show a reasonable agreement with theoretical models. Noise present in the Doppler signal, probably caused by the pump, has been reduced using a denoising procedure in the wavelet domain based on a Daubechies wavelet function. Differences in tracer kinetics between Tc-99m and MB found in water are significantly reduced in plasma equivalent fluid. We conclude, that the two methods are comparable and that this method might provide a non-invasive way of measuring arterial input functions for PET.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Event2001 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Nov 4 2001Nov 10 2001


Other2001 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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