The purposes of this paper are to summarize the concepts relating to the use of a combined intra-articular and extra-articular reconstructive procedure in the arthroscopic treatment of a torn ACL and to review several operative techniques utilizing gracilis and semitendinosus tendons that are currently in use to treat this instability. The highly satisfactory results obtained over the time show that a combination of intra- and extra-articular procedures for ACL reconstruction is a valid surgical option.
- Anterior cruciate ligament
- Extra-articular reconstruction
- Intra-artricular reconstruction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine