Aspirin Desensitization in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease

Roberta Rossini, Annamaria Iorio, Roberto Pozzi, Matteo Bianco, Giuseppe Musumeci, Sergio Leonardi, Corrado Lettieri, Irene Bossi, Paola Colombo, Stefano Rigattieri, Cinzia Dossena, Angelo Anzuini, Davide Capodanno, Michele Senni, Dominick J. Angiolillo

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Abstract

Background - There are limited data on aspirin (ASA) desensitization for patients with coronary artery disease. The aim of the present study was to assess the safety and efficacy of a standard rapid desensitization protocol in patients with ASA sensitivity undergoing coronary angiography. Methods and Results - This is a prospective, multicenter, observational study including 7 Italian centers including patients with a history of ASA sensitivity undergoing coronary angiography with intent to undergo percutaneous coronary intervention. A total of 330 patients with history of ASA sensitivity with known/suspected stable coronary artery disease or presenting with an acute coronary syndrome, including ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction were enrolled. Adverse effects to aspirin included urticaria (n=177, 53.6%), angioedema (n=69, 20.9%), asthma (n=65, 19.7%), and anaphylactic reaction (n=19, 5.8%). Among patients with urticaria/angioedema, 13 patients (3.9%) had a history of idiopathic chronic urticaria. All patients underwent a rapid ASA (5.5 hours) desensitization procedure. The desensitization procedure was performed before cardiac catheterization in all patients, except for those (n=78, 23.6%) presenting with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction who underwent the desensitization after primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Percutaneous coronary intervention was performed in 235 patients (71%) of the overall study population. The desensitization procedure was successful in 315 patients (95.4%) and in all patients with a history of anaphylactic reaction. Among the 15 patients (4.6%) who did not successfully respond to the desensitization protocol, adverse reactions were minor and responded to treatment with corticosteroids and antihistamines. Among patients with successful in-hospital ASA desensitization, 253 patients (80.3%) continued ASA for at least 12 months. Discontinuation of ASA in the 62 patients (19.7%) who had responded to the desensitization protocol was because of medical decision and not because of hypersensitivity reactions. Conclusions - A standard rapid desensitization protocol is safe and effective across a broad spectrum of patients, irrespective of the type of aspirin sensitivity manifestation, with indications to undergo coronary angiography with intent to perform percutaneous coronary intervention. Clinical Trial Registration - URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02848339.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere004368
JournalCirculation: Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2017

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Keywords

  • acute coronary syndrome
  • aspirin
  • coronary artery disease
  • hypersensitivity
  • percutaneous coronary intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Rossini, R., Iorio, A., Pozzi, R., Bianco, M., Musumeci, G., Leonardi, S., Lettieri, C., Bossi, I., Colombo, P., Rigattieri, S., Dossena, C., Anzuini, A., Capodanno, D., Senni, M., & Angiolillo, D. J. (2017). Aspirin Desensitization in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease. Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions, 10(2), [e004368]. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.116.004368