This study examined the association of personality traits and psychopathology with side of epilepsy in patients affected by drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) admitted to presurgical diagnostic protocol. Thirty-eight consecutive patients treated surgically for right (n = 22, M=10/F=12) and left (n = 16, M=9/F=7) drug-resistant TLE underwent a comprehensive psychiatric examination before surgery, including psychiatric interview and psychometric assessment: Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI). One-way analysis of variance, including side of surgery as grouping variable, was performed to test differences among groups in average age, in average scores on the various MMPI, STAI, STAXI scales, and in average total on the BDI. Subjects in both the right and left TLE group scored higher than subjects in the normal group on all clinical scales of the MMPI, with the difference between groups reaching statistical significance for the Hs, D, Hy, Pd, and Pt scales. Total scores on the BDI were significantly higher for the right TLE group than for healthy subjects. State-anxiety scores on the STAI were significantly higher for both the right and the left TLE group than for healthy subjects. The Temperamental Trait-anger (T-Rab/T) scores on the STAXI were significantly higher for both the right and the left TLE group than for healthy subjects. In sum, certain personality characteristics and greater psychopathology were associated with both right and left TLE, with no statistical difference between right and left TLE groups.
|Translated title of the contribution||Assessing personality and psychopathology in patients affected by drug-resistant temporal epilepsy evaluated for epilepsy surgery: Preliminary results|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Bollettino - Lega Italiana contro l'Epilessia|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology