Feedback from sensory elements as well as projection from higher Central Nervous System structures modify the level and pattern of motor outflow to the respiratory muscles and hence ventilation. In this review we describe the different methods to evaluate the degree to which higher centers determine the level and pattern of ventilation and coordinate use of the respiratory muscles in healthy humans and in patients with a number of respiratory disorders.
- Motor unit firing
- Mouth occlusion pressure
- Respiratory drive
- Twich interpolation technique
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine