Assessment of HPV-mRNA test to predict recurrent disease in patients previously treated for CIN 2/3

Antonio Frega, Francesco Sesti, Danila Lombardi, Sergio Votano, Francesco Sopracordevole, Angelica Catalano, Giusi Natalia Milazzo, Riccardo Lombardo, Chiara Assorgi, Sara Olivola, Valentina Chiusuri, Enzo Ricciardi, Deborah French, Massimo Moscarini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The use of HPV-mRNA test in the follow-up after LEEP is still matter of debate, with regard to its capacity of prediction relapse. Objective: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the reliability of HPV-mRNA test to predict the residual and recurrent disease, and its accuracy in the follow-up of patients treated for CIN 2/3. Study design: Multicenter prospective cohort study. Patients who underwent LEEP after a biopsy diagnosing CIN 2/3 were followed at 3, 6, 12, 24 and 36 months. Each check up included cytology, colposcopy, HPV-DNA test (LiPA) and HPV-mRNA test (PreTect HPV Proofer Kit NorChip). Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), of HPV-DNA test and HPV-mRNA test to predict relapse, recurrent and residual disease. Using multiple logistic regression, the statistical significant variables as assessed in univariate analysis were entered and investigated as predictors of relapse disease. Results: The mRNA-test in predicting a residual disease had a sensitivity of 52% and a NPV of 91%, whereas DNA-test had 100% and 100%, respectively. On the contrary in the prediction of recurrent disease mRNA-test had a sensitivity and a NPV of 73.5% and 97%, whereas DNA-test had 44% and 93%. On the multivariate analysis, age, cytology, HPV DNA and mRNA test achieved the role of independent predictors of relapse. Conclusion: HPV-mRNA test has a higher sensitivity and a higher NPV in predicting recurrent disease, for this reason it should be used in the follow-up of patients treated with LEEP for CIN 2/3 in order to individualize the timing of check up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-43
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Virology
Volume60
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • CIN 2/3
  • HPV-mRNA test
  • Recurrence
  • Residual disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Frega, A., Sesti, F., Lombardi, D., Votano, S., Sopracordevole, F., Catalano, A., Milazzo, G. N., Lombardo, R., Assorgi, C., Olivola, S., Chiusuri, V., Ricciardi, E., French, D., & Moscarini, M. (2014). Assessment of HPV-mRNA test to predict recurrent disease in patients previously treated for CIN 2/3. Journal of Clinical Virology, 60(1), 39-43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcv.2014.01.017