Assessment of left ventricular function by isometric handgrip exercise after thrombolysis in patients with refractory unstable angina

Diego Ardissino, Piera Angelica Merlini, Jacek Kubica, Ezio Bramucci, Paolo Barberis, Ermanno Eleuteri, Elisabetta Colombi, Luigi Angoli, Giuseppe Specchia, Carlo Montemartini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The handgrip test has been proposed for the evaluation of the hemodynamic reserve in patients with coronary artery disease and to quantitate the impairment of left ventricular (LV) function. The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of thrombolytic therapy in patients with refractory unstable angina in order to test the hypothesis that a reduction in intracoronary thrombosis could amellorate their hemodynamlc response to the handgrip test. During left heart catheterization, 20 patients with refractory unstable angina of recent onset performed a handgrip test before (HG1) and 24-72 hours after (HG2) being randomized to receive recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator or placebo, according to a double-blind parallel group design. HG1 induced an increase in heart rate (p <0.001), in systolic pressure (p <0.001), and a reduction in ejection fraction (p <0.05). Changes in LV end-diastolic pressure during baseline handgrip were highly different in individual patients, resulting in a trend toward an increase. Similarly, a different individual response was observed in the behavior of the isovolumetric and relaxation indices. In comparison with HG1, no difference was detected during HG2 in the 2 treatment groups with respect to changes in LV volumes, ejection fraction, LV systole and diastolic pressures, +dP dt, ( dP dt)/P, -dP dt, and tau index. In patients with refractory unstable angina of recent onset, the handgrip test performed before and after thrombolysis did not proveto be useful in assessing directional changes of LV performance, mainly because of the different individual response to the baseline handgrip test.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe American Journal of Cardiology
Volume72
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 16 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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