Assessment of low-power laser biostimulation on chondral lesions: An 'in vivo' experimental study

G. A. Guzzardella, G. Morrone, P. Torricelli, M. Rocca, D. Tigani, G. B. Brodano, D. Ferrari, M. Fini, R. Giardino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether intraoperative laser biostimulation can enhance healing of cartilaginous lesions of the knee. Surgery was performed on eighteen rabbits: A bilateral chondral lesion of 1.25 ± 0.2 mm in length and 0.8 ± 0.2 mm in width was created in the femoral medial condyle with a scalpel. The lesion in the left knee of each animal was treated intraoperatively using the diode Ga-Al-As 780nm. laser (300 Joules/cm 2, 1 Watt, 300 Hertz, 10 minutes), while the right knee was left untreated, as control group. The animals were divided into three groups, A, B and C, according to the survival time after surgery, two, six and twelve weeks, respectively. The explants from the femoral condyles, both treated employing laser energy and left untreated, were examined histologically. Results showed a progressive filling with fibrous tissue of the cartilaginous lesion treated with-laser irradiation, while no changes in the original lesion of the untreated group were observed at the end of the study. Maybe, in this experimental research, underexposure to laser irradiation was the cause for the absence of the necessary conditions for biostimulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-449
Number of pages9
JournalArtificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology
Volume28
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Hematology
  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials

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