Assessment of okadaic acid effects on cytotoxicity, DNA damage and DNA repair in human cells

Vanessa Valdiglesias, Josefina Méndez, Eduardo Pásaro, Eduardo Cemeli, Diana Anderson, Blanca Laffon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Okadaic acid (OA) is a phycotoxin produced by several types of dinoflagellates causing diarrheic shellfish poisoning (DSP) in humans. Symptoms induced by DSP toxins are mainly gastrointestinal, but the intoxication does not appear to be fatal. Despite this, this toxin presents a potential threat to human health even at concentrations too low to induce acute toxicity, since previous animal studies have shown that OA has very potent tumour promoting activity. However, its concrete action mechanism has not been described yet and the results reported with regard to OA cytotoxicity and genotoxicity are often contradictory. In the present study, the genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of OA on three different types of human cells (peripheral blood leukocytes, HepG2 hepatoma cells, and SHSY5Y neuroblastoma cells) were evaluated. Cells were treated with a range of OA concentrations in the presence and absence of S9 fraction, and MTT test and Comet assay were performed in order to evaluate cytotoxicity and genotoxicity, respectively. The possible effects of OA on DNA repair were also studied by means of the DNA repair competence assay, using bleomycin as DNA damage inductor. Treatment with OA in absence of S9 fraction induced not statistically significant decrease in cell viability and significant increase in DNA damage in all cell types at the highest concentrations investigated. However, only SHSY5Y cells showed OA induced genotoxic and cytotoxic effects in presence of S9 fraction. Furthermore, we found that OA can induce modulations in DNA repair processes when exposure was performed prior to BLM treatment, in co-exposure, or during the subsequent DNA repair process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-79
Number of pages6
JournalMutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
Volume689
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010

Keywords

  • Cytotoxicity
  • DNA repair
  • Genotoxicity
  • Human cells
  • Okadaic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Assessment of okadaic acid effects on cytotoxicity, DNA damage and DNA repair in human cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this