Assessment of pain-related cognitions in chronic pain patients

Herta Flor, Deborah J. Behle, Niels Birbaumer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The construction of the Pain-Related Self Statements Scale (PRSS) and the Pain-Related Control Scale (PRCS) is described. The PRSS assesses situation-specific aspects of patients' cognitive coping with pain, while the PRCS measures general attitudes towards pain. The reliability and validity of these scales were determined in a sample of 120 chronic pain patients suffering from various rheumatic disorders, 213 patients who suffered from chronic back pain, 44 patients with temporomandibular pain and dysfunction and 38 healthy controls. The analysis of the PRSS yielded two scales termed 'Catastrophizing' and 'Coping'; the PRSC consists of the subscales 'Helplessness' and 'Resourcefulness'. All four subscales were demonstrated to be valid and sensitive to change, and they are closely related to pain intensity and interference from pain experiences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-73
Number of pages11
JournalBehaviour Research and Therapy
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

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