Purpose: In accordance with the Task Oriented Approach, clinicians need assessment procedures providing information on the execution of multiple tasks. Instrumented task assessment can add information regarding sensory-motor strategies, difficult to assess purely by clinical observation. It has been shown that People with Multiple Sclerosis (PwMS) have difficulties in maintaining upright balance, but little is known about their ability to achieve a stable posture after the execution of tasks related to activities of daily living. The aim of the present study was to assess postural stabilization in a population of PwMS. Methods: Twenty Healthy Subjects (HS) and twenty PwMS were assessed in three tasks leading to a quiet erect posture: sit-to-stand, taking a step forward, bending forward. Antero-posterior ground reaction force was measured by a force platform and interpolated by a model providing information on the initial instability after task execution (Transitional-Sway), the time required to dissipate this initial instability (Stabilization-Time), and their stability in quiet upright posture (Static-Sway). Results: PwMS had statistically significant altered performance in comparison to HS: their instability after task execution (Transitional-Sway) was higher in bending and sit-to-stand (p <0.05), their stabilization time (Stabilization-Time) was longer in bending and step forward (p <0.05). Static-Sway was higher in all tasks (p <0.05) indicating imbalance also in quiet upright posture.
- Upright posture
ASJC Scopus subject areas