Assessment of pragmatic impairment in right hemisphere damage

Alberto Parola, Ilaria Gabbatore, Francesca M. Bosco, Bruno G. Bara, Federico M. Cossa, Patrizia Gindri, Katiuscia Sacco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim of the present study is to provide a multifocal assessment of pragmatic abilities in patients with right hemisphere damage (RHD). Pragmatics refers to the ability to use language and non-verbal expressive means (e.g., gestures) to convey meaning in a given context, and it also involves the appropriate use of connotative elements such as rhythm and prosody. Patients with RHD frequently report a wide range of pragmatic disorders: despite the heterogeneity of their clinical profiles, these difficulties can seriously undermine their ability to effectively communicate in everyday situations. We analysed the performance of 17 patients with RHD and 17 healthy controls using the Assessment Battery for Communication, a clinical tool for assessing a wide range of pragmatic phenomena - both in comprehension and production - and considering different expressive means. The results suggest patients have difficulties both in comprehending and producing pragmatic phenomena of differing complexity; in particular, patients seem to be significantly impaired when dealing with non-verbal modality, i.e., gestures and facial expressions. Moreover a hierarchical cluster analysis revealed the presence of a number of clusters corresponding to different outcomes of pragmatic performance, in line with the heterogeneity of communicative profiles following RHD frequently reported in the literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-25
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Neurolinguistics
Volume39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2016

Fingerprint

Aptitude
Patient Rights
Gestures
pragmatics
damages
Facial Expression
Cluster Analysis
ability
Language
Communication
facial expression
cluster analysis
performance
Right Hemisphere Damage
Pragmatic Impairment
comprehension
communication
language

Keywords

  • ABaCo
  • Assessment
  • Communication
  • Non-verbal
  • Pragmatic
  • Right hemisphere damage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Linguistics and Language
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Parola, A., Gabbatore, I., Bosco, F. M., Bara, B. G., Cossa, F. M., Gindri, P., & Sacco, K. (2016). Assessment of pragmatic impairment in right hemisphere damage. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 39, 10-25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneuroling.2015.12.003

Assessment of pragmatic impairment in right hemisphere damage. / Parola, Alberto; Gabbatore, Ilaria; Bosco, Francesca M.; Bara, Bruno G.; Cossa, Federico M.; Gindri, Patrizia; Sacco, Katiuscia.

In: Journal of Neurolinguistics, Vol. 39, 01.08.2016, p. 10-25.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Parola, A, Gabbatore, I, Bosco, FM, Bara, BG, Cossa, FM, Gindri, P & Sacco, K 2016, 'Assessment of pragmatic impairment in right hemisphere damage', Journal of Neurolinguistics, vol. 39, pp. 10-25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneuroling.2015.12.003
Parola A, Gabbatore I, Bosco FM, Bara BG, Cossa FM, Gindri P et al. Assessment of pragmatic impairment in right hemisphere damage. Journal of Neurolinguistics. 2016 Aug 1;39:10-25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneuroling.2015.12.003
Parola, Alberto ; Gabbatore, Ilaria ; Bosco, Francesca M. ; Bara, Bruno G. ; Cossa, Federico M. ; Gindri, Patrizia ; Sacco, Katiuscia. / Assessment of pragmatic impairment in right hemisphere damage. In: Journal of Neurolinguistics. 2016 ; Vol. 39. pp. 10-25.
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