Assessment of surgical innovation

Luigi Bonavina

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


In general, progress in surgery depends on experience in the care of patients, accurate record keeping, reflection on the experience, structuring of subsequent clinical experience, and, finally, honest and effective reporting of the results to the surgical community. Often, it takes years before new concepts are accepted, and there are many examples of how the best innovations are greeted with envy and skepticism [1]. In 1805, the first effective lighting system for endoscopy invented by Philippe Bozzini was rejected by the medical faculty of Vienna which defined the new discovery as the “magic lantern” [2].

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInnovation in Esophageal Surgery
PublisherSpringer-Verlag Milan
Number of pages3
ISBN (Print)9788847024694, 9788847024687
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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