Assessment of the membranous labyrinth in infants using a heavily T2-weighted 3D FLAIR sequence without contrast agent administration

G. Conte, S. Casale, L. Caschera, F. M. Lo Russo, C. Paolella, C. Cinnante, F. Di Berardino, D. Zanetti, D. Stocchetti, E. Scola, L. Bassi, F. Triulzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Imaging is fundamental to assessing the acoustic pathway in infants with congenital deafness. We describe our depiction of the membranous labyrinth in infants using the heavily T2-weighted 3D FLAIR sequence without a contrast agent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 10 infants (20 ears) (median term equivalent age: 2 weeks; IQR: 1–5 weeks) who had undergone brain MR imaging including a noncontrast heavily T2-weighted 3D FLAIR scan of the temporal bone. For each ear, 3 observers analyzed, in consensus, the saccule, the utricle, and the 3 ampullae, assessing the visibility (score 0, not appreciable; score 1, visible without well-defined boundaries; score 2, visible with well-defined boundaries) and morphology (“expected” or “unexpected” compared with adults). The heavily T2-weighted 3D FLAIR sequence was scored for overall quality (score 0, inadequate; score 1, adequate but with the presence of image degradation; score 2, adequate). RESULTS: Six (60%) MR examinations were considered adequate (score 1 or 2). The saccule was visible in 10 ears (83.3%) with an expected morphology in 9 ears (90%). In 1 ear of an infant with congenital deafness, the saccule showed an unexpected morphology. The utricle was visible as expected in 12 ears (100%). The lateral ampulla was visible in 5 ears (41.6%), the superior ampulla was visible in 6 ears (50.0%), and the posterior ampulla was visible in 6 ears (50.0%), always with expected morphology (100%). CONCLUSIONS: MR imaging can depict the membranous labyrinth in infants using heavily T2-weighted 3D FLAIR without an injected contrast agent, but the sequence acquisition time reduces its feasibility in infants undergoing MR studies during natural sleep.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)377-381
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume42
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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