Assessment of trends and clinical presentation in the emergency department of patients with renal colic during the COVID-19 pandemic era

D. M. Carrion, G. Mantica, M. Antón-Juanilla M, K. H. Pang, S. Tappero, A. Rodriguez-Serrano, S. Parodi, V. Crespo-Atín, R. Cansino, C. Terrone, S. Nikles, J. Gomez Rivas, F. Esperto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: We hypothesized that the recent COVID-19 pandemic may lead to a delay in renal colic patients presenting to the Emergency Department due to the fear of getting infected. This delay may lead to a more severe clinical condition at presentation with possible complications for the patients. Material and methods: Retrospective review of data collected from three institutions from Spain and Italy. Patients who presented to Emergency Department with unilateral or bilateral renal colic caused by imaging confirmed urolithiasis during the 45 days before and after each national lockdown were included. Data collected included patients’ demographics, biochemical urine and blood tests, radiological tests, signs, symptoms and the therapeutic management. Analysis was performed between two groups, Group A: patients presenting prior to the national lockdown date; and Group B: patients presenting after the national lockdown date. Results: A total of 397 patients presented to Emergency Department with radiology confirmed urolithiasis and were included in the study. The number of patients presenting to Emergency Department with renal/ureteric colic was 285 (71.8%) patients in Group A and 112 (28.2%) patients in Group B (p < 0.001). The number of patients reporting a delay in presentation was 135 (47.4%) in Group A and 63 (56.3%) in Group B (p = 0.11). At presentation, there were no statistical differences between Group A and Group B regarding the serum creatinine level, C reactive protein, white blood cell count, fever, oliguria, flank pain and hydronephrosis. In addition, no significant differences were observed with the length of stay, Urology department admission requirement and type of therapy. Conclusion: Data from our study showed a significant reduction in presentations to Emergency Department for renal colic after the lockdown in Spain and Italy. However, we did not find any significant difference with the length of stay, Urology department admission requirement and type of therapy.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)653-658
Number of pages6
JournalActas Urologicas Espanolas
Volume44
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Emergency department
  • Lithiasis
  • Renal coli

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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