AIM To evaluate the association between the in vitro sensitivity of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) to methylprednisolone (MP) and the presence of genetic polymorphisms involved in glucocorticoid (GC) response. METHODS In vitro MP inhibition of the proliferation of lymphocytes stimulated with concanavalin A was determined. Non linear regression of dose-response data was performed computing the MP concentration required to reduce proliferation to 50% (IC 50). The maximum inhibition achievable at the highest MP concentration (I max) was also calculated. Moreover, the Taqman technique was used to analyze the BclI polymorphism in the NR3C1 gene and the Leu155His polymorphism in the NALP1 gene. RESULTS A significant association between the BclI mutated genotype and an increased in vitro sensitivity to GCs was observed. CONCLUSIONS The a priori evaluation of the BclI polymorphism, associated with a lymphocyte proliferation assay, could represent a useful diagnostic tool for the optimization of steroid treatment.
- BclI polymorphism
- Glucocorticoid sensitivity
- Lymphocyte proliferation assay
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)