Association between certain foods and risk of acute myocardial infarction in women

Annagiulia Gramenzi, Antonella Gentile, Monica Fasoli, Eva Negri, Fabio Parazzini, Carlo La Vecchia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Study objective - To examine the relation between selected foods and acute myocardial infarction in women. Design - Case-control study conducted over five years. Setting - 30 Hospitals with coronary care units in northern Italy. Subjects - 287 Women who had had an acute myocardial infarction (median age 49, range 22-69 years) and 649 controls with acute disorders unrelated to ischaemic heart disease (median age 50, range 21-69 years) admitted to hospital during 1983-9. Main outcome measures - Frequency of consumption of various foods and odds ratios of risks associated with these foods. Results - The risk of acute myocardial infarction was directly associated with frequency of consumption of meat (odds ratio 1·5 for upper υ lower thirds of consumption), ham and salami (1·4), butter (2·3), total fat added to food (1·6), and coffee (2·8). Significant inverse relations were observed for fish (0·6), carrots (0·4), green vegetables (0·6), and fresh fruit (0·4). The risk was below one for moderate alcohol consumption (0·7) and above one for heavier intake (1·2). Allowance for major non-dietary covariates, including years of education, smoking, hyperlipidaemia, diabetes, hypertension, and body mass index, did not appreciably alter the estimates of risk for most of the foods; for coffee, however, the odds ratio fell to 1·8 on account of its high correlation with smoking. Conclusions - The frequency of consumption of a few simple foods may provide useful indicators of the risk of myocardial infarction. Furthermore, specific foods such as fish, alcohol, or vegetables and fruits may have an independent protective role in the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)771-773
Number of pages3
JournalBritish Medical Journal
Volume300
Issue number6727
Publication statusPublished - Mar 24 1990

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Myocardial Infarction
Food
Coffee
Odds Ratio
Vegetables
Fruit
Fishes
Smoking
Coronary Care Units
Butter
Daucus carota
Hyperlipidemias
Alcohol Drinking
Meat
Italy
Myocardial Ischemia
Case-Control Studies
Body Mass Index
Cardiovascular Diseases
Fats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Gramenzi, A., Gentile, A., Fasoli, M., Negri, E., Parazzini, F., & La Vecchia, C. (1990). Association between certain foods and risk of acute myocardial infarction in women. British Medical Journal, 300(6727), 771-773.

Association between certain foods and risk of acute myocardial infarction in women. / Gramenzi, Annagiulia; Gentile, Antonella; Fasoli, Monica; Negri, Eva; Parazzini, Fabio; La Vecchia, Carlo.

In: British Medical Journal, Vol. 300, No. 6727, 24.03.1990, p. 771-773.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gramenzi, A, Gentile, A, Fasoli, M, Negri, E, Parazzini, F & La Vecchia, C 1990, 'Association between certain foods and risk of acute myocardial infarction in women', British Medical Journal, vol. 300, no. 6727, pp. 771-773.
Gramenzi A, Gentile A, Fasoli M, Negri E, Parazzini F, La Vecchia C. Association between certain foods and risk of acute myocardial infarction in women. British Medical Journal. 1990 Mar 24;300(6727):771-773.
Gramenzi, Annagiulia ; Gentile, Antonella ; Fasoli, Monica ; Negri, Eva ; Parazzini, Fabio ; La Vecchia, Carlo. / Association between certain foods and risk of acute myocardial infarction in women. In: British Medical Journal. 1990 ; Vol. 300, No. 6727. pp. 771-773.
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