Association Between Exposure to Heavy Metals and Systemic Sclerosis: the Levels of Al, Cd, Hg, and Pb in Blood and Urine of Patients

Giovanni Forte, Carlo Fadda, Beatrice Bocca, Gian Luca Erre, Giuseppe Passiu, Roberto Madeddu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a multisystem connective tissue disease; exogenous factors—including heavy metals—may have a role in the disease pathogenesis. In this context, a study on the quantification of Al, Cd, Hg, and Pb in blood and urine of 27 SSc patients and 30 controls was carried out. Main findings were that Al was significantly depleted in blood and increased in urine of SSc patients respect to controls; and Pb was found slightly increased in blood and significantly decreased in SSc group. In addition, higher Hg levels in urine were found in SSc subjects with the higher severity of the disease. Females showed the most marked differences in the levels of blood Al, blood Pb, and urine Cd between patients and controls. Smoking, hobby, ingestion of contaminated food, job exposure may contribute to the bodily levels of Al, Hg, Pb in SSc patients. The results indicated that low, chronic, and multiple exposures to heavy metals—also through habits, diet, and environment—may influence the risk for SSc.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBiological Trace Element Research
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Blood
  • Environment exposure
  • Metals
  • Risk
  • Systemic sclerosis (SSc)
  • Urine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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