Association between glomerular filtration rate and adverse drug reactions in elderly hospitalized patients: The role of the estimating equation

Andrea Corsonello, Claudio Pedone, Fabrizia Lattanzio, Graziano Onder, Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Reduced renal function increases the risk of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) to hydrosoluble drugs (hADRs). However, the ability of different equations to calculate estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or estimated creatinine clearance (eCCr) and thereby predict the risk of developing hADRs has not previously been compared. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate which of three different equations for estimating renal function (Cockcroft-Gault [CG], Modification of Diet in Renal Disease [MDRD] and Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration [CKD-EPI]) was the most effective at predicting incident hADRs. Methods: This multicentre study had an observational design and included 81 acute-care general (internal) or geriatric medicine wards in academic hospitals throughout Italy. Our series consisted of 10 442 hospitalized patients with a mean ± SD age of 70.2 ± 14.9 years enrolled in the GIFA study. The main outcome measures were incident ADRs during hospital stay. Data on these were collected and classified as hADRs or ADRs to liposoluble drugs (lADRs). Patients were grouped according to their eGFR (mL/min/1.73m2) or eCCr (mL/min): ≥90, 60-89.9, 45-59.9, 30-44.9 or 2 calculated using CKD-EPI (60-89.9: hazard ratio [HR] = 1.07 [95% CI 0.70, 1.72]; 45-59.9: HR= 1.62 [95%CI 1.0, 2.69]; 30-44.9: HR= 2.13 [95%CI 1.24, 3.64];

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-390
Number of pages12
JournalDrugs and Aging
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Chronic Renal Insufficiency
Kidney
Creatinine
Epidemiology
Diet Therapy
Geriatrics
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Italy
Multicenter Studies
Length of Stay
Medicine
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

Keywords

  • Adverse-drug-reactions
  • Elderly
  • Renal-function.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Association between glomerular filtration rate and adverse drug reactions in elderly hospitalized patients : The role of the estimating equation. / Corsonello, Andrea; Pedone, Claudio; Lattanzio, Fabrizia; Onder, Graziano; Antonelli Incalzi, Raffaele.

In: Drugs and Aging, Vol. 28, No. 5, 2011, p. 379-390.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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