Association between human oocyte developmental competence and expression levels of some cumulus genes

Fabiana Cillo, Tiziana A L Brevini, Stefania Antonini, Alessio Paffoni, Guido Ragni, Fulvio Gandolfi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

118 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

At present, oocyte selection is mainly based upon morphological criteria but it is generally acknowledged that its reliability requires further improvement. The aim of this study was to determine whether transcript levels in cumulus cells can provide a useful marker of oocyte developmental competence in vitro. A retrospective study was performed on cumulus cells isolated from 90 oocytes retrieved from 45 patients. Upon fertilization, 35 oocytes originated good-quality embryos and 36 developed into poor-quality embryos, whereas 19 failed to be fertilized. Semi-quantitative measurement of hyaluronic acid synthase 2 (HAS2), gremlin1 (GREM1), and pentraxin 3 (PTX3) mRNAs was performed and data for all genes were obtained from all the samples. Cumulus cells isolated from oocytes that originated high-quality embryos on day 3 of culture had HAS2 and GREM1 transcript levels higher than those detected in cells from oocytes that did not fertilize or developed into poor-quality embryos. No differences were observed in PTX3 levels. Results indicate that the measurement of HAS2 and GREM1 levels in cumulus cells would reliably complement the morphological evaluation providing a useful tool for selecting oocytes with greater chances to be fertilized and develop in vitro.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)645-650
Number of pages6
JournalReproduction
Volume134
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2007

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Mental Competency
Oocytes
Cumulus Cells
Genes
Hyaluronic Acid
Embryonic Structures
Fertilization
Retrospective Studies
Messenger RNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Cell Biology
  • Endocrinology
  • Embryology

Cite this

Cillo, F., Brevini, T. A. L., Antonini, S., Paffoni, A., Ragni, G., & Gandolfi, F. (2007). Association between human oocyte developmental competence and expression levels of some cumulus genes. Reproduction, 134(5), 645-650. https://doi.org/10.1530/REP-07-0182

Association between human oocyte developmental competence and expression levels of some cumulus genes. / Cillo, Fabiana; Brevini, Tiziana A L; Antonini, Stefania; Paffoni, Alessio; Ragni, Guido; Gandolfi, Fulvio.

In: Reproduction, Vol. 134, No. 5, 11.2007, p. 645-650.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cillo, F, Brevini, TAL, Antonini, S, Paffoni, A, Ragni, G & Gandolfi, F 2007, 'Association between human oocyte developmental competence and expression levels of some cumulus genes', Reproduction, vol. 134, no. 5, pp. 645-650. https://doi.org/10.1530/REP-07-0182
Cillo, Fabiana ; Brevini, Tiziana A L ; Antonini, Stefania ; Paffoni, Alessio ; Ragni, Guido ; Gandolfi, Fulvio. / Association between human oocyte developmental competence and expression levels of some cumulus genes. In: Reproduction. 2007 ; Vol. 134, No. 5. pp. 645-650.
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