Association between IL-1β -511C/T and IL-1RA (86bp)n repeats polymorphisms and schizophrenia

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It has been established that cytokines play a critical role in the regulation of the CNS and recent studies have suggested that dysfunctions of both pro-inflammatory (IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α) and anti-inflammatory (IL-1RA and IL-10) cytokines could be involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Previous studies have reported that functional polymorphisms in some cytokines genes may have important regulatory effects on such system. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore the possible role of the IL-1β -511C/T and IL-1RA (86bp)n repeats polymorphisms in schizophrenia. A case control association study comparing genotype and allele frequencies in 346 northen Italian subjects (169 schizophrenic patients and 177 unrelated healthy volunteers) was performed. The frequencies of IL-1β -511C and IL-1RA allele 1 (86bp)4 are significantly higher in schizophrenic patients compared to controls (IL-1β -511 P=0.047; IL-1RA (86bp)n P=0.002). Moreover our data show a protective effect of the IL-1RA allele 2 (86bp)2 against schizophrenia (OR=0.59 95%CI:0.388-0.910; P=0.016) and this effect is enhanced by the concomitant presence of IL-1β -511T (OR=0.48 95%CI:0.30-0.76; P=0.002). Our findings support the hypothesis that genetically determined changes in IL-1 metabolism regulation may contribute to the pathogenesis of schizophrenia confirming a role of IL-1 gene cluster in disease susceptibility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)457-462
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Psychiatric Research
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2003


  • Association study
  • Cytokine
  • Gene
  • Interleukin-1 (IL-1)
  • Polymorphism
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Psychology(all)

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