Association between On-Treatment Haemoglobin A1c and All-Cause Mortality in Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes: Importance of Personalized Goals and Type of Anti-Hyperglycaemic Treatment

for the Renal Insufficiency and Cardiovascular Events (RIACE) Study Group, Emanuela Orsi, Enzo Bonora, Anna Solini, Cecilia Fondelli, Roberto Trevisan, Monica Vedovato, Franco Cavalot, Gianpaolo Zerbini, Susanna Morano, Antonio Nicolucci, Giuseppe Penno, Giuseppe Pugliese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The increased mortality reported with intensive glycaemic control has been attributed to an increased risk of treatment-related hypoglycaemia. This study investigated the relationships of haemoglobin (Hb) A1c, anti-hyperglycaemic treatment, and potential risks of adverse effects with all-cause mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes. Patients (n = 15,773) were stratified into four categories according to baseline HbA1c and then assigned to three target categories, based on whether HbA1c was ≤0.5% below or above (on-target), >0.5% below (below-target) or >0.5% above (above-target) their HbA1c goal, personalized according to the number of potential risks among age > 70 years, diabetes duration > 10 years, advanced complication(s), and severe comorbidity (ies). The vital status was retrieved for 15,656 patients (99.26%). Over a 7.4-year follow-up, mortality risk was increased among patients in the highest HbA1c category (≥8.5%) (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.34 (95% confidence interval, 1.22-1.47), p < 0.001) and those above-target (1.42 (1.29-1.57), p < 0.001). Risk was increased among individuals in the lowest HbA1c category (<6.5%) and those below-target only if treated with agents causing hypoglycaemia (1.16 (1.03-1.29), p = 0.01 and 1.10 (1.01-1.22), p = 0.04, respectively). These data suggest the importance of setting both upper and lower personalized HbA1c goals to avoid overtreatment in high-risk individuals with type 2 diabetes treated with agents causing hypoglycaemia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number246
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 17 2020

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Association between On-Treatment Haemoglobin A1c and All-Cause Mortality in Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes: Importance of Personalized Goals and Type of Anti-Hyperglycaemic Treatment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this