Adhesion of circulating cells to the arterial surface is among the first detectable events in atherogenesis. Cellular adhesion molecules, expressed by the vascular endothelium and by circulating leukocytes, mediate cell recruitment and their transendothelial migration. Platelet endothelial cellular adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1), involved in this migration, has been associated with the development of atherosclerosis. Studies have investigated an association between coronary artery disease (CAD) and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located in functionally important domains of the PECAM-1 gene with inconsistent results. Thus, we have analyzed the distribution of V125L, N563S, and G670R SNPs in patients and controls from northern Italy, and also analyzed another functional variant identified in the 5′-untranslated region (UTR) of the PECAM-1 gene (53 G→A). The polymorphisms of PECAM-1 were genotyped by PCR amplification with sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP) in 119 controls and 431 CAD patients. Our results demonstrate that genotype and allele frequencies for the 53 G/A polymorphism are significantly different in patients affected by CAD compared to healthy controls, whereas, as regards the V125L and N563S polymorphisms, only the allelic frequency is significantly different. We have shown that there were a significant differences for the 53 G/A and V125L and N563S polymorphisms of PECAM-1 in patients affected by CAD compared to controls. This demonstrates a possible involvement of this gene in contributing to the development of CAD. Therefore, an understanding of the role of the PECAM-1 molecule in this complex mechanism is of pivotal significance in further development of innovative and suitable medical therapies in the future.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geriatrics and Gerontology