Association between poorer quality of life and psychiatric morbidity in patients with different dermatological conditions

Francesca Sampogna, Angelo Picardi, Mary Margaret Chren, C. Franco Melchi, Paolo Pasquini, Cinzia Masini, Damiano Abeni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To determine the relationship between skin-related quality of life and psychiatric morbidity in patients with different skin conditions. Methods: We recruited all adults attending the outpatient clinics of the Dermatological Institute IDI-1RCCS, Rome, Italy, during 14 predetermined days. Eligible patients, who gave their informed consent, completed the Skindex-29 and the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). We used a stringent cut-off threshold (≥5 on the GHQ-12) for identification of psychiatric morbidity. Skindex-29 scale scores were computed separately for GHQ noncases and GHQ cases. Results: A total of 2,136 patients were included in the analysis. For all skin conditions, GHQ cases had substantially poorer score in all 3 domains of quality of life, Symptoms, Emotions, and Functioning. Most differences remained significant after adjusting for clinical severity, age, sex, and education in multiple regression models. These differences were not as marked in the Symptoms scale for some conditions known to be nearly asymptomatic (eg, alopecia, vitiligo, nevi), suggesting that, although patients with psychiatric morbidity might be more burdened by their symptoms, nevertheless they do not perceive nonexistent symptoms. Conclusion: In most skin conditions we considered, psychiatric morbidity was strongly associated with poorer quality of life. Although the cross-sectional nature of our study does not allow identification of the direction of this association, care for the psychological condition of patients might have an impact on their quality of life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)620-624
Number of pages5
JournalPsychosomatic Medicine
Volume66
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2004

Keywords

  • Dermatology
  • GHQ-12
  • Psychiatric morbidity
  • Quality of life
  • Skindex-29

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Association between poorer quality of life and psychiatric morbidity in patients with different dermatological conditions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this