Association between thyroid hormones and TRAIL

Stella Bernardi, Fleur Bossi, Barbara Toffoli, Fabiola Giudici, Alessandra Bramante, Giulia Furlanis, Elisabetta Stenner, Paola Secchiero, Giorgio Zauli, Renzo Carretta, Bruno Fabris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction Recent studies suggest that a circulating protein called TRAIL (TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand) might have a role in the regulation of body weight and metabolism. Interestingly, thyroid hormones seem to increase TRAIL tissue expression. This study aimed at evaluating whether overt thyroid disorders affected circulating TRAIL levels. Methods TRAIL circulating levels were measured in euthyroid, hyperthyroid, and hypothyroid patients before and after thyroid function normalization. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate the correlation between thyroid hormones and TRAIL. Then, the stimulatory effect of both triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) on TRAIL was evaluated in vitro on peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Results Circulating levels of TRAIL significantly increased in hyperthyroid and decreased in hypothyroid patients as compared to controls. Once thyroid function was restored, TRAIL levels normalized. There was an independent association between TRAIL and both fT3 and fT4. Consistent with these findings, T3 and T4 stimulated TRAIL release in vitro. Conclusion Here we show that thyroid hormones are associated with TRAIL expression in vivo and stimulate TRAIL expression in vitro. Given the overlap between the metabolic effects of thyroid hormones and TRAIL, this work sheds light on the possibility that TRAIL might be one of the molecules mediating thyroid hormones peripheral effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)972-976
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Biochemistry
Volume50
Issue number16-17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry

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