Association of baseline white blood cell counts with tuberculosis treatment outcome: a prospective multicentered cohort study

Carole Chedid, Eka Kokhreidze, Nestani Tukvadze, Sayera Banu, Mohammad Khaja Mafij Uddin, Samanta Biswas, Graciela Russomando, Chyntia Carolina Díaz Acosta, Rossana Arenas, Paulo PR Ranaivomanana, Crisca Razafimahatratra, Perlinot Herindrainy, Niaina Rakotosamimanana, Monzer Hamze, Mohamad Bachar Ismail, Rim Bayaa, Jean Luc Berland, Giovanni Delogu, Hubert Endtz, Florence AderDelia Goletti, Jonathan Hoffmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading infectious cause of death in the world. Cheaper and more accessible TB treatment monitoring methods are needed. Here, we evaluated white blood cell (WBC) absolute counts, lymphocyte, and monocyte proportions during TB treatment, and characterized their association with treatment failure. Methods: This multicentered prospective cohort study was based in Bangladesh, Georgia, Lebanon, Madagascar, and Paraguay. Adult, non-immunocompromised patients with culture-confirmed pulmonary TB were included and followed up after two months of treatment and at the end of therapy. Blood counts were compared to treatment outcome using descriptive statistics, logistic regression, and Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analyses. Results: Between December 2017 and August 2020, 198 participants were enrolled, and 152 completed treatment, including 28 (18.5%) drug-resistant patients. The rate of cure at the end of treatment was 90.8% (138/152). WBC absolute counts decreased, and lymphocyte proportions increased throughout treatment. In multivariate analyses, baseline high WBC counts and low lymphocyte proportions were associated with positive sputum culture results at the end of treatment (WBC > 11,450 cells/mm3: p = 0.048; lymphocytes <16.0%: p = 0.039; WBC > 11,450 cells/mm3 and lymphocytes <16.0%: p = 0.024). Conclusion: High WBC counts and low lymphocyte proportions at baseline are significantly associated with the risk of TB treatment failure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-206
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume100
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Immunomonitoring
  • Lymphopenia
  • Multi-drug resistance
  • Treatment monitoring
  • Tuberculosis
  • White blood cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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