Motivations: A large number of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are supposed to be involved in onset, differentiation and development of complex diseases. Univariate analysis is limited in studying complex traits since does not take into account gene-gene interaction, and the correlation of multiple SNPs with a specific phenotype. Moreover it might underestimate gene variants with weaker genetic contribution. Therefore more sophisticated techniques should be adopted when investigating the role of a panel of genetic markers in disease predisposition. Methods: In this paper we describe a general method to simultaneously investigate the association between SNPs profile and Crohn's disease (CD), by evaluating the susceptibility or protective role of single or groups of markers. As an association measure we adopted a weighted linear combination of SNPs in which suitable weighting vectors belonged to predefined and over-complete vocabularies of vectors (frames), or were determined by the data. Results: The proposed method found a weighted linear combination of SNPs statistically associated to CD (p = 3.81 × 1 0- 10) describing the role of the markers in the pathology. In particular, MCP1-A2518G gave the major contribution as protective locus, similarly to TNF-α -C857T, DLG5 rs124869, PTPN22 C1858T variants. The NFκB -94ATTG variants was found to be irrelevant for CD. For the remaining markers, a susceptibility role was attributed also confirming that markers on CARD15 gene, in particular G908R and L1007fsinsC, are involved with CD to the same extent as FcGIIIA G559T and TNF-α -G308A. Moreover, an odds ratio of 3.99 (p <1.0 × 1 0- 4) was assigned to this combination which is greater than the best odds ratio found in the single SNP analysis. Conclusions: Our methodology allowed to statistically measure the association of a panel of SNPs with a specific phenotype. Therefore this approach could be suitable for a population screening program with simultaneous evaluation of a large set of gene polymorphims.
- Crohn's disease
- Regularized least square classifiers
- Single nucleotide polymorphisms
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Artificial Intelligence
- Medicine (miscellaneous)