Association of interferon-γ and interleukin 10 genotypes and serum levels with partial clinical remission in type 1 diabetes

B. Z. Alizadeh, P. Hanifi-Moghaddam, P. Eerligh, A. R. Van Der Slik, H. Kolb, A. V. Kharagjitsingh, A. M Pereira Arias, M. Ronkainen, M. Knip, R. Bonfanti, E. Bonifacio, D. Devendra, T. Wilkin, M. J. Giphart, B. P C Koeleman, R. Nolsøe, T. Mandrup Poulsen, N. C. Schloot, B. O. Roep

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We studied whether serum interferon (IFN)-γ or interleukin (IL)-10 levels and their corresponding functional polymorphic genotypes are associated with partial remission of type 1 diabetes (T1D). A multi-centre study was undertaken in patients with newly diagnosed T1D and matched controls. T1D patients were followed for 3 months and characterized for remission status. Partial clinical remission was defined as a daily insulin dose ≤ 0.38 units/kg/24 h with an HbA1c ≤ 7.5%. Thirty-three patients and 32 controls were phenotyped for serum concentrations of IFN-γ and IL-10 and genotyped for functional polymorphisms of the IFN-γ and IL-10 genes. Sixteen of 25 informative patients (63%) remitted. Serum IFN-γ concentrations were significantly decreased in remitters but increased in non-remitters compared to controls, and did not change over time in any group. IFN-γ genotypes corresponded with serum levels in controls and non-remitters, but not in remitters who displayed the lowest serum IFN-γ levels despite more often carrying high-producing IFN-γ genotypes. Neither the frequency of IL-10 genotypes nor serum IL-10 concentration differed between patients and controls. The combination of high-producing IFN-γ genotype together with low serum IFN-γ concentration at the time of diagnosis provided a strong positive predictive value for remission. Serum IFN-γ concentrations predicted by genotype and observed serum levels were discordant in remitters, suggestive of regulation overruling genetic predisposition. Although high-producing genotypes were less frequent in remitters, they were predictive of remission in combination with low serum IFN-γ levels. These data imply that remission is partially immune-mediated and involves regulation of IFN-γ transcription.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)480-484
Number of pages5
JournalClinical and Experimental Immunology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2006


  • Clinical remission
  • Disease marker
  • IFN-γ
  • IL-10
  • Prediction
  • Type 1 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology


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