Association of prestroke metformin use, stroke severity, and thrombolysis outcome

Laura P. Westphal, Roni Widmer, Ulrike Held, Klaus Steigmiller, Christian Hametner, Peter Ringleb, Sami Curtze, Nicolas Martinez-Majander, Marjaana Tiainen, Christian H. Nolte, Jan F. Scheitz, Hebun Erdur, Alexandros A. Polymeris, Christopher Traenka, Ashraf Eskandari, Patrik Michel, Mirjam R. Heldner, Marcel Arnold, Andrea Zini, Laura VandelliJonathan M. Coutinho, Adrien E. Groot, Visnja Padjen, Dejana R. Jovanovic, Yannick Bejot, Céline Brenière, Guillaume Turc, Pierre Seners, Alessandro Pezzini, Mauro Magoni, Didier Leys, Sixtine Gilliot, Michael J. Scherrer, Georg Kägi, Andreas R. Luft, Henrik Gensicke, Paul Nederkoorn, Turgut Tatlisumak, Stefan T. Engelter, Susanne Wegener

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

ObjectiveTo evaluate whether pretreatment with metformin (MET) is associated with less stroke severity and better outcome after IV thrombolysis (IVT), we analyzed a cohort of 1,919 patients with stroke with type 2 diabetes mellitus in a multicenter exploratory analysis.MethodsData from patients with diabetes and ischemic stroke treated with IVT were collected within the European Thrombolysis in Ischemic Stroke Patients (TRISP) collaboration. We applied propensity score matching (PSM) to obtain balanced baseline characteristics of patients treated with and without MET.ResultsOf 1,919 patients with stroke with type 2 diabetes who underwent IVT, 757 (39%) had received MET before stroke (MET+), whereas 1,162 (61%) had not (MET-). MET+ patients were younger with a male preponderance. Hypercholesterolemia and pretreatment with statins, antiplatelets, or antihypertensives were more common in the MET+ group. After PSM, the 2 groups were well balanced with respect to demographic and clinical aspects. Stroke severity on admission (NIH Stroke Scale 10.0 ± 6.7 vs 11.3 ± 6.5), 3-month degree of independence on modified Rankin Scale (2 [interquartile range (IQR) 1.0-4.0] vs 3 [IQR 1.0-4.0]), as well as mortality (12.5% vs 18%) were significantly lower in the MET+ group. The frequency of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhages did not differ between groups. HbA1c levels were well-balanced between the groups.ConclusionsPatients with stroke and diabetes on treatment with MET receiving IVT had less severe strokes on admission and a better functional outcome at 3 months. This suggests a protective effect of MET resulting in less severe strokes as well as beneficial thrombolysis outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E362-E373
JournalNeurology
Volume95
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 28 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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