Association of statin use and oncological outcomes in patients with first diagnosis of T1 high grade non-muscle invasive urothelial bladder cancer: results from a multicentre study

Matteo Ferro, Michele Marchioni, Giuseppe Lucarelli, Vartolomei M Dorin, Francesco Soria, Daniela Terracciano, Francesco A Mistretta, Stefano Luzzago, Carlo Buonerba, Francesco Cantiello, Andrea Mari, Andrea Minervini, Alessandro Veccia, Alessandro Antonelli, Gennaro Musi, Rodolfo Hurle, Gian Maria Busetto, Francesco Del Giudice, Benjamin I Chung, Francesco BerardinelliSisto Perdonà, Paola Del Prete, Vincenzo Mirone, Marco Borghesi, Angelo Porreca, Pierluigi Bove, Riccardo Autorino, Nicolae Crisan, Abdal R Abu Farhan, Michele Battaglia, Pasquale Ditonno, Giorgio I Russo, Matteo Muto, Rocco Damiano, Matteo Manfredi, Francesco Porpiglia, Ottavio De Cobelli, Luigi Schips

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: We aimed to test the hypothesis that the immune-modulatory effect of statins may improve survival outcomes in patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). We focused on a cohort of patients diagnosed with high risk NMIBC, that were treated with intravesical BCG immunotherapy.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included patients at first diagnosis of T1 high grade NMIBC after transurethral resection of bladder (TURB). All procedures were performed at 18 different tertiary institutions between January 2002 and December 2012. Univariable and multivariable models were used to test differences in terms of residual tumour, disease recurrence, disease progression and overall mortality (OM) rates.

RESULTS: Overall, 1510 patients with T1 high grade NMIBC at TURB were included in our analyses. Of these, 402 (26.6%) were statin users. At multivariable analysis, statin use was associated with a higher rates of high grade BC at re-TURB (OR: 1.37, 95%CI: 1.04-1.78; p=0.022), while at follow-up it was not independently associated with OM (HR: 0.71, 95%CI: 0.50-1.03; p=0.068) and disease progression rates (HR: 0.97, 95%CI: 0.79-1.19; p=0.753). Conversely, statin use has been shown to be independently associated with a lower risk of recurrence (HR:0.80, 95%CI: 0.67-0.95; p=0.009). The median recurrence-free survival was 47 (95%CI 40-49) months for those classified as non-statin users vs. 53 (95%CI 48-68) months in those classified as statin users.

CONCLUSIONS: Statin daily intake do not compromise oncological outcomes in high risk NMIBC patients treated with BCG. Moreover, statin may have a beneficial effect on recurrence rates in this cohort of patients.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMinerva Urol. Nefrol.
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Jan 13 2021

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Association of statin use and oncological outcomes in patients with first diagnosis of T1 high grade non-muscle invasive urothelial bladder cancer: results from a multicentre study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this